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      品管圈研究熱點的可視化分析
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      發布人:yaot 發布時間:2021/7/2 11:03:58  瀏覽次數:1253次
      【字體: 字體顏色
      ——黃婧雅 姚瑤

      【摘要】目的分析20年來我國大陸地區醫療機構品管圈應用相關文獻,梳理研究熱點,為后續研究提供參考。方法以“品管圈、QCC”為主題詞,對中國知網(CNKI)2000年-2019年收錄的相關文獻進行檢索,應用CiteSpace軟件對納入文獻進行分析。結果共納入8 486篇文獻,詞頻≥100的關鍵詞有23個,形成有意義的聚類7個,研究熱點集中在健康宣教、手術患者、藥學服務、產科護理、安全管理和準確率等方面。結論近年來我國大陸地區品管圈領域相關研究呈增長趨勢,研究內容豐富,應用領域廣泛,但研究質量和深度仍有待提高。未來應加強多中心及多區域合作攻關,提高研究水平;搭建信息管理平臺,推動成果轉化等,以促進醫療質量和安全不斷提升。
      【關鍵詞】CiteSpace;品管圈;可視化分析;研究熱點
      中圖分類號:R197.323文獻標識碼:A
      Visualization Analysis of Research Hotspots in Quality Control Circle/HUANG Jingya,YAO Yao.//Chinese Health Quality Management,2021,28(4):75-79
      Abstract ObjectiveTo explore the research hotspots of the field of quality control circle (QCC) of medical institutions in China for nearly twenty years, to provide reference for future research. MethodsWith the subject term of "quality control circle and QCC", the relevant literatures included in China National Knowledge Internet (CNKI) database from 2000 to 2019 were retrieved. The CiteSpace was used to analyze the included literatures. ResultsA total of 8 486 literatures were included, 23 keywords with word frequency ≥100 were included, and 7 meaningful clusters were formed. The research hotspots focused on health education, surgical patients, pharmaceutical care, obstetric care, safety management and accuracy rate. Conclusion In recent years, the related research in the field of QCC in China has been growing, with rich research contents and wide application fields, but the quality and depth of the research still need to be improved. In the future, multi-center and multi-regional cooperation should be strengthened to tackle key problems and improve the research level, to build an information management platform, promote the transformation of results, etc.,so as to promote the continuous improvement of medical quality and safety.
      Key words CiteSpace; Quality Control Circle; Visualization Analysis; Research Hotspots
      Firstauthor's address Zhujiang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, 510280, China

      品管圈(Quality Control Circle, QCC)近年來已被廣泛應用于我國醫院質量管理活動中,在醫療質量管理領域發揮了重要作用[1-3]。截至2018年,在中國醫院品質管理聯盟的推動下,QCC活動在數量上突飛猛進,參與的醫務人員達70萬[4-5],產出質量改進項目80 000多個,內容涉及護理、醫療、藥學、醫技、院感、后勤、行政等領域[6-8]。同時,也有醫院管理者致力于以QCC促進醫院管理的新思路研究[9-12]。QCC與行政管理的有機結合,變行政命令為現場改善,使品管圈應用在醫院管理領域實現了實踐-理論-再實踐的螺旋式上升[5]。然而, 目前QCC主要集中于具體案例的開展和應用研究,對研究現狀、發展路徑及開展活動內容的關系脈絡等呈現較少[13]。CiteSpace是基于共引分析理論和特定算法,探測某一學科或圖1文獻發表時間分布圖領域結構、規律以及分布的一種可視化分析軟件,由此形成科學知識圖譜,可直觀、全面了解該領域的研究熱點、前沿地帶及發展走向[14]。本研究以中國知網(CNKI)數據庫為數據來源,應用CiteSpace軟件梳理我國大陸地區20年來醫療機構品管圈領域的研究熱點及前沿方向,以期更好地為醫院品管圈應用和推廣提供參考。

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      原文鏈接:品管圈研究熱點的可視化分析

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